Jacked Up Truck Tires Aren’t Meant To Be Practical

How Do Semi-Truck Tire Problems Cause Car Accidents?

Semi-trucks, tractor-trailers, tankers, and other large vehicles are designed to take heavy punishment from frequent use, but they require constant maintenance to stay in operating condition. An issue with even a single tire can pose a real danger both to the truck and to other cars on the road, so it’s important that the operator of the truck follows all the rules, regulations, and good practices that the transportation industry has in place in order to drive safely and prevent accidents.

How Commercial Truck Tires Fail

The tires of an 18-wheeler must be able to support up to 80,000 pounds or more of weight, be able to withstand the forces to move that weight, and still be able to bring the entire vehicle to a stop safely, too. When a tire capable of meeting these requirements fails, it often blows out at highway speed by either exploding or rupturing, shredding the tire and leaving pieces of rubber across the road. These tire fragments can strike nearby cars and cause them to lose control, or cause drivers to veer suddenly to avoid striking pieces of tread, causing an accident.

There are many causes of truck tire blowouts, and most of them are preventable. For example, blowouts may be caused by:

  • Improper maintenance. Tires need to be inflated to the correct pressure, meet minimum tread depth standards, and have a similar amount of wear. If a truck driver or trucking company doesn’t inspect and replace worn tires regularly, the tire can fail under even a light load.
  • Bad loading practices. Trailers and cargo must be balanced properly front to back and left to right and not go over the maximum safe load capacity of the tires.
  • Defective products. Like many other products, sometimes defective materials are released onto the market. It’s up to the trucking company or driver to stay current with all safety notices and stop using any tire that is under a recall.

There are both state and federal laws that dictate how often maintenance inspections, including tires, must be performed on trucks. Failure to perform these inspections or to document them appropriately may expose the truck driver, the trucking company, or the cargo owner to liability for any damage to other vehicles on the road.

What Are the Most Common Causes of 18-Wheeler Accidents?

A fully loaded 18-wheeler can weigh as much as 80,000 pounds. In comparison, the average passenger car weighs around 3,000 pounds. Therefore, when a collision between the two occurs, the results are typically catastrophic. Passenger vehicle occupants often sustain serious and life-threatening injuries, completely altering the course of their lives.

Despite increased awareness and improved safety regulations, trucking accidents are on the rise. Understanding the causes of trucking accidents can hopefully prevent them from occurring in the future. It could also help you win your injury case if another driver is responsible for your trucking accident.

Here is a list of the most common causes of 18-wheeler accidents in Dallas and across the state of Texas.

Fatigued Truck Drivers

Truck driver fatigue is a serious issue that often leads to fatal accidents. Federal regulations limit the number of hours a truck driver can spend on the road. If a truck driver works long hours and fails to get sufficient sleep, then he or she is capable of making catastrophic mistakes behind the wheel.

Distracted Driving

Everyone knows that talking, texting and surfing the web are dangerous when driving a car. However, when driving a fully-loaded 18-wheeler, distracted driving can be especially hazardous. Truck drivers have a responsibility to keep their eyes, hands and mind on the task of driving at all times.

Reckless Driving

Truck drivers are often paid based on the quickness of their deliveries. To improve their delivery times, some truck drivers engage in risky and reckless driving, including speeding, changing lanes too often, following other cars too closely or driving erratically in poor weather conditions.

Driving While Impaired

It is illegal for anyone to drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol, and truck drivers are no exception. Unfortunately, many truck drivers abuse over-the-counter drugs, prescription medications and/or alcohol when driving. Truck drivers who drive impaired are significantly more likely to cause serious and catastrophic accidents.

Trucking Company Negligence

Trucking companies have a responsibility to keep their trucks properly maintained. When they fail to do so, a truck or trucking component could breakdown and cause an accident. Worn tires, faulty brakes and improperly serviced vehicles cause numerous 18-wheeler accidents each year.

Poor Weather Conditions

Driving an 18-wheeler is more difficult than driving your standard automobile. However, snow, ice, sleet and rain make driving an 18-wheeler even more difficult. Poor weather can reduce visibility, making it harder for large semi-trucks to make sudden stops. Heavy winds can even cause a truck to jackknife on the road. Truck drivers have a responsibility to lower their speed and drive cautiously when poor weather strikes.

Improperly Loaded Cargo

Shipping companies must safely secure cargo when loading them into a large commercial truck. If they fail to do so, then the contents inside the truck could shift, forcing the truck driver to lose control.

What Are the Two Main Reasons That Tire Blowouts Happen?

It is important to understand what a truck tire blowout is because it is different than a flat tire. Tire blowouts are the sudden bursting or rupturing of a truck tire—often happening when the truck is being driven at a high speed. As a result of the sudden explosion, the trucker can lose control of his truck and crash into other nearby vehicles, sometimes in other lanes. In addition, accidents can occur when truck cargo becomes loose or shredded parts of the tire’s rubber are strewn onto the roadway into the path of unsuspecting motorists who must try to swerve out of the way. In some cases, the truck driver can totally lose control of his truck and cause a rollover accident.

Unfortunately, many of these accidents are caused by two factors: failure to inspect the tires regularly and failing to maintain and replace them when necessary. Not only is this negligence, but it is also a violation of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) rules governing truckers’ and trucking companies’ duties to inspect and maintain their trucks. These rules require the following:

  • Truckers and trucking companies must systematically inspect and maintain their trucks—including the tires—on a schedule specified in the FMCSA rules.
  • Truckers and trucking companies are required to not allow a truck to be driven if it is in a condition that will likely result in it causing an accident or breaking down.
  • Truckers must conduct a pre-trip inspection of the truck that includes reviewing the last truck driver’s report and certify that any needed repairs have been made. If the truck tires are too worn or defective, the truck should not be taken on the road.
  • Truckers should also conduct a post-trip inspection and prepare a report that lists any needed repairs.
  • While on the road, truckers are supposed to inspect their trucks and tires at the end of each day. If the tires are in a condition that is likely to cause a crash or truck breakdown, the trucker should not continue to drive the truck.
  • Trucking companies are also required to maintain, repair, and replace truck tires when their condition requires it

What Factors Trigger Tire Blowouts?

A number of conditions will cause a worn or defective tire to be under sudden pressure or an impact that causes it to explode or lose air pressure quickly, with a truck tire blowout being the result. Some of these factors include:

  • Potholes
  • Underinflating of the tires
  • Heat, which can cause the tires to overinflate
  • Overloading of the cargo
  • Wear and tear of the tire, which can result in a blowout if the tire is not replaced
  • Low or no tire tread
  • Mismatched tires and tires that are not the proper size for the truck

The Difference Between P-Metric Tires and LT Tires

A “P” listed in front of the tire size indicates that it is “P-metric” size. P-metric stands for passenger vehicle. Passenger vehicles are cars (for example sedans and coupes), minivans, or CUVs, but can also be trucks that do not carry extra heavy loads or run on gravel roads. If there is no letter in front of the size, then the tire is for passenger cars, and closely equivalent to p-metric. These tires have an internal construction and use materials designed to give a smooth ride, good handling on the highway, and to last a long time.

LT Tires have “LT” in front of the size. They are for heavy loads, towing and off-road durability. They are more expensive than p-metric tires. This is because LT tires have extra material in the sidewall and under the tread that protects the tire from damage. The cords in a LT tire are a larger gauge than P-metric tires so the tire can carry heavier loads. Very often LT tires will have an extra steel belt, a deeper tread and thicker rubber in the sidewall for more protection vs a p-metric tire. LT tires are usually 8-ply (Load Range D) or 10-ply (Load Range E). Passenger Tires usually have a 4-ply or 6-ply equivalent sidewall. The performance trade-offs of the added material in LT tires are harsher ride, less fuel efficiency, and less responsive handling.

Which type of tire is right for you depends on how you use the truck. P-metric tires are perfectly adequate for pick-up truck owners that rarely go off paved roads, carry heavy loads, or tow a trailer. Many half ton trucks come equipped from the factory with p-metric tires for this very reason. If you own a half ton pick-up truck or full-size SUV and rarely if ever carry a load or go off pavement, then a p-metric tire will be a better choice for your replacement tire. They will ride smoother, last longer, and be more fuel efficient than a LT rated tire in the same size.

If your truck, van or full size SUV comes from the factory rated for LT tires, it is best to replace the tires with LT tires. P-metric to LT is acceptable, but never replace original equipment LT tires with P-metric tires due to them having lower load capacity ratings at maximum air pressure.

If you drive your truck heavily loaded or pull heavy trailer loads frequently, you should consider replacing your p-metric tire with an LT tire. Tradespeople that have their truck or van loaded with tools, supplies and equipment often find that the stiffer LT tires means less sway, and therefore better loaded handling. Others may find that the ride is slightly harsher and not as comfortable as p-metric tires. This is one of the trade-offs you can expect when you replace a p-metric tire with a LT tire.


Popular Bathroom Remodeling Styles

How to Light Your Bathroom: Expert Tips on Choosing Fixtures and More

Great lighting is important in every room in the house, but it plays a particularly vital role in a bathroom. Choose the wrong bulb and you wind up looking jaundiced as you put on your makeup; place a fixture in the wrong spot and you’re shaving in the shadows. “Sometimes people think a sconce alone will be romantic, and it just doesn’t work,”

“You want a few different sources of lighting to make the room pretty but also functional.” Install extra lights based on the activity. Does the room’s overhead fixture not provide enough light to shave in the shower? Add a recessed can light with a watertight seal. Do you apply makeup in the bathroom? Bring in a makeup mirror with a built-in light. Do you want to add personality and atmosphere? Hang a chandelier for visual interest (though it shouldn’t be your main light source).

Maximize natural light.“The best thing you can do is bring in lots of natural light,” “It’s the way people see you in the world.” So make sure window treatments let the light pour in. If you’re designing a new home or renovating, the best place to put a bathroom is facing north: light from a northern exposure is indirect, creating a soft, diffused light.

Place fixtures wisely.When choosing fixtures for a bathroom, Sneed prefers four-inch recessed can lights overhead, which have a clean look. “For functionality, you really must have an overhead light,” The designer pairs an overhead fixture with sconces alongside or above the mirror to make the reflection more flattering. “It’s important that there is some light between your face and the mirror,” she says. “If you’re just backlit, you wind up with your face in shadow.”

Choose the right bulbs choosing 2700K LEDs for bathrooms she designs. “It’s the closest you get to natural daylight,” she says. She opts for bright bulbs—150 watts or the equivalent—but puts overhead fixtures on a dimmer. “Careful observations need stronger light, but a dim light is calming and romantic,” she says. “A bathroom calls for both.”

Smart Details That Make This Rental Bathroom Look Totally Customized

“I bought it just because I loved it,” she recalls, “but when I got home and was looking at it, it hit me that it might be something fun in the bathroom.” She popped out for some wallpaper glue and stuck the sheet above a row of existing pink tile, then ran out immediately to buy the rest of the store’s stock and order some more.

Wrapping Paper Used as Wallpaper

Truth be told, you can use everything from fabric to magazine covers as wallpaper with some creative adhering (liquid starch! double-sided tape! staples!). After six years in the apartment Wrapping Paper Used as Wallpaper the wrapping paper, stuck up with actual wallpaper glue and flat sealant, is peeling a bit—a pretty good sign that it will pull right off when she’s ready (if ever!) to move.

Ceiling, Jamb, and Molding Too

Rather than stopping at the edges of the wall, she decided to cover the window jamb, ceiling, and molding: “After putting up the first piece, it just made sense to go all in for maximum effect!”

A Palette That Plays Off the Existing Tile

“I have always hated the bathroom because of the putty-colored border tile and floor. Over the years, I’ve painted it many times, trying to detract from [those features],” ut eventually she found a solution: The sandy tones in the wrapping paper–turned–wallpaper work with the pinky trim rather than against it, and crisp black and white accents in the rest of the decor keep the palette from looking musty.

Nightlight as Decor

“I am a bit shell-obsessed,”  I had to have it for the bathroom.” Nightlights are handy when you’re looking for the sink at night—but finding a cute one is a harder task, so we did the job for you).

Wet rooms – the essential guide to creating the perfect shower space

Want a wet room, but not sure whether it will work in your home? Read on for the advantages and disadvantages of wet rooms, along with some expert design tips

Wet rooms are becoming more and more desirable, and they’re a great way to add value to your home. But how exactly do you go about designing a wet room? We’ve put together a handy guide with everything you need to know, from what tiles to choose to specialist wet room companies you can contact about installation.

Can anyone have a wet room?

In theory, yes. Wet rooms are basically shower rooms that do away with the shower screen and tray, and have an open, fully tiled shower area. If your bathroom is on the small side you probably will need to include a shower screen to prevent everything getting sprayed.

Water drainage

Installing a wet room is a job for the professionals, as a gradient needs to be created along the floor to channel the shower water into a drain and then the entire room needs to be tanked (waterproofed).


Waterproofing wet rooms involves priming the floor, the lower section of the walls and the whole of the wall area around the shower and then covering with a syrupy membrane. Once it’s set, the room is then tiled.

Advantages of wet rooms

Wet rooms are super-stylish and perfect for creating a contemporary look.

As a second bathroom, a wet room can easily increase the value of your home.

Great for small bathrooms – removing the bath creates loads more space.

Wet rooms are, in general, easier to clean. There’s no shower screen or tray to worry about and if you go for a wall-hung sink and toilet, it’s easier still.

If it’s done properly, your floor (the bit under the tiles) is better protected than it would be in a standard bathroom.

Bathroom speakers guide – the lowdown on splashproof sound systems

Looking to belt out show tunes in the shower, catch up on the news or listen to podcasts? These should do the trick

Their lack of regular power sockets and water hazards aplenty means bathrooms haven’t always been the easiest place to enjoy your favourite tracks. But thanks to developments in wireless tech and speaker quality, you can up the tempo of your daily ablutions. And by streaming from services such as Spotify or Deezer, the options are virtually endless.

How can I get the best sound quality in my bathroom?

If you’d rather soak in silence that listen to poor-quality sound, consider linking your bathroom to a home music system. Waterproof speakers are wired to an audio player and amplifier outside the bathroom – music can be controlled via a wall panel.

All bathroom electrics must conform to strict safety regulations – a qualified electrician should always carry out the installation and can advise you on what is and isn’t possible in your particular space.

I can’t afford a full home music system. Is there a cheaper option?

Bluetooth speakers that stream music from a smartphone or tablet are our retro-fit friend. For safe bathroom use, they’re powered by waterproof low-voltage transformers connected to the mains. The most common are in-ceiling speakers and those in mirrors and cabinets. Bluetooth devices usually have at least a 10-metre range, so you can leave your phone or tablet outside the bathroom, safe from water, and the music will continue to play.

What choices do I have if I don’t want to rewire?

Go for a portable solution. There are plenty of waterproof Bluetooth speakers available and the humble shower radio, now with vastly improved DAB quality, is always an option. Try UE’s fully waterproof speakers, which can survive a dunking in the bath and will still play music while it’s floating.

Bathroom extractor fans – everything you need to know

Are you thinking about investing in a bathroom extractor fan? When you have a hot shower then leave damp towels in your bathroom to dry out, the moisture they add to the air condenses on colder surfaces, encouraging mould and mildew to grow. Fitting an extractor fan will control this condensation and prevent damage and mould, which can cause health problems.

Do I you need a bathroom extractor?

It’s not a must, but if your bathroom has little or no natural ventilation, and you want to enjoy hot showers without worrying about damage being caused by the steam, they’re definitely worth putting in

Other ways to help keep condensation at bay are to allow plenty of air to circulate throughout your home, so keep windows and doors open as much as possible; wipe down surfaces and walls to remove excess moisture and avoid leaving wet towels on the floor, as these will encourage mould growth.

What should I look out for?

You’ll see and hear your fan every day, so it’s worth paying more for a good looking model that’s quiet, too. Often fans are connected to the mains, so they come on when you turn the bathroom lights on. A fan with a separate pull switch could be more suitable if you’re showering during the day or worried about noise at night.

Where can it be positioned?

You need to check your fan is safe for each ‘zone’. Zones 1 and 2 are in close proximity to the shower or bath, so you’ll need a SELV (Safety Extra Low Voltage), 12v or LV fan, requiring a transformer housed outside the zone, or one that has an IP45-rated motor.

Why Hire Professionals In Hydro Jetting Service

Hydro Jetting Experts

What is Hydro Jetting

Hydro jetting is a technique to clean the clogged pipes, drains, sewer lines, and etc. It is useful in clearing the blockage that might be disrupting the water supply. Many a time, this clogging might not lead to blocking and may result in contamination of water which can be dangerous to your health. If this happens to be the case, then it’s the right time for you to call your plumber and get it cleaned.

Hydro jetting machines have a large tanker of water and connections that blast water. A blast of water of very high velocity that exerts a lot of pressure is used to scour the inner surface of the pipes. This high-velocity water is capable of removing any build-up, grease, sand, silt, and even the long struck debris. In hydro jetting, the plumber usually inspects the place with the help of advanced video cameras or related equipment

Such inspection helps in identifying the problem at the grass-root level and then getting the correct solution. Later, a nozzle (which is mostly self-propelled) is inserted into the pipe or drain. After the insertion process, as soon as the nozzle encounters a clog it blasts water. This high-pressure jet starts to remove or dissolve debris at the required positions and does the cleaning work. Moreover, a lot of novice plumbers miss this step but it is advisable to not miss it

A video camera inspection must be carried out, after the cleaning process. This will help in evaluating the condition of the pipe after hydro jetting. The hydro jetting technique is preferred by plumbers over other classic techniques. This is because of its efficiency and the lesser amount of time it takes. Unlike snaking that only breaks the clogs, hydro jetting is capable of removing the scales as well.

When is Hydro Jetting Used

When you encounter a major clogging in your drain, then either you can do some clean by yourself or get a professional to do it for you. However, if you do it, it will be manual and not a permanent solution to the problem.  You will surely leave out the grease on the wall and it will soon start working as the adhesive for the new junk. On the other hand, hydro jetting will delay or curb down the entire process to unimaginable extents. So, it is advisable to get the work done by a professional plumber only because the plumber would know a lot of things that you don’t.


A professional snaking of the kitchen line will typically be the first step in unclogging the line. If the snake encounters a  hard blockage or grease and sludge is pulled back from the line, drain experts will usually recommend a kitchen hydro-jetting service. It will remove the blockages and clean the line which can also remove any unsightly odors caused by the buildup in the line.

What is Hydro-Jetting?

Using high-pressure water streams and specialty nozzles, hydro-jetting cleans, descales, and removes the toughest kitchen and sewer line clogs

Hydro-jetting uses between 1,500 and 4,000 PSI to scour the insides of the pipelines removing years of hard scale, cutting through roots, and dissolving grease and sludge backing up the pipelines.

The specialty nozzles attached to jetting hoses are designed for specific drain blockages and pipe diameters. They strategically direct the flow of water to rotate once inside the line. They are important to the hydro-jetting process and require advanced training and skill to properly clean drain lines.

Hydro-Jetting Benefits 

Drains become clogged due to heavy buildup, abuse of the line, roots, and clogs over time. In kitchen lines, the most common clogs result from grease, fats, and oils accumulating on the inside of the pipe. They slowly close off the diameter of the line causing backups.

Things Your Should Know About Hydro Jetting

There are a bunch of methods plumbers use to get rid of clogged drains. A severely blocked sewer line, for instance, will require a more forceful approach. One of these approaches includes hydro jetting. If you’re not familiar with the term, you’re in luck. That means you haven’t had any severe issues with your sewer line before

If you ever wondered how a plumbing contractor is even able to get rid of a clog in the middle of the sewer line without tearing it apart, hydro jetting is one of those solutions. Basically, the name of the solution speaks for itself. Hydro jetting uses highly compressed water to blast away at the clogs and clean the insides of the pipes at the same time. That’s basically the gist of it.

What is hydro jetting?

When drain snakes aren’t able to breach through the clogs, plumbers have another solution up their sleeves and that’s hydro jetting. It’s basically pressurized water used to get rid of any stubborn clogs. With the use of a camera, plumbers are able to know where the blockage is. This gives the plumbers a clear view of the problem and allows them to position the hydro jet properly.

How does the process work?

As earlier indicated, hydro jetting uses highly compressed water to blast away at the blockage. This process involves only water. No additives or chemicals are used in the process. This makes it safe for the pipes and the environment. The good thing about this method is that it cleans out the inner lining of the pipes. This means there won’t be any residue that’s left lying on the inner surface of the pipes that would probably be a starter for another blockage. It’s like a more powerful version of a household power washer.

When is the right time to have hydro jetting?

Basically, this type of service is applicable for instances where regular snaking is not working. There are some instances, most likely worst-case scenarios, which will not be solved by snaking alone. Hydro jetting is most commonly used for unblocking mineral deposits and other build ups in the pipelines. It is also recommended before pipe relining as dirty sewer pipes won’t hold the new lining at all.


Hydro-jetting, also known as hydro-scrubbing or hydro-cleaning, is not your run-of-the-mill pipe-cleaning technique. By deploying intensely pressurized water, hydro-jetting completely eradicates rubbish, debris, and other obstructions from sewer pipes and lines. It’s much more effective than mechanical rodding and drain snakes for removing nasty roots, grease, rocks, and mineral deposits.

How Does Hydro-Jetting Work?

Hydro-jetting equipment consists of:

A water tank

A specialized, high-pressure hose

A machine that pressurizes water

Flowing at a tempo of 18 to 20 gallons per minute, the water reaches up to 5,000 psi (pounds per square inch) and is blasted into sewer pipes through what is called a ”cleanout.” Every system is installed with a cleanout. It enables plumbers to reach into the lines for cleaning purposes. The nozzle of a hydro-jet is inserted at the downstream end of the system, and the water blasts upward, clearing out waste. After the job is completed, the waste and water all come back down—thanks to gravity—and leave the system as normal.

Hydro-jetting should always be completed by an expert. Doing this job without the required experience could result in further damage to your pipes or plumbing equipment. Not all jobs that need this high-pressure blast of water will require the maximum psi. Experienced plumbers know exactly what pressure to use and how many gallons per minute should be sent through your system.

When Does a Plumber Use Hydro-Jetting?

Hydro-jetting can be an extremely helpful tool for a wide range of plumbing issues. But before your plumber decides on this method, they will often do a video camera inspection. Sending a camera down the pipes can help your plumber understand exactly what the issue is and where it lies in your plumbing.


Routine plumbing maintenance is extremely important when your plumbing system is at stake. If your pipes were installed by a professional, they are meant to last for many years, if properly taken care of. But what if you have purchased an older house where a previous owner neglected his pipes completely?

Most likely the drain and sewer systems accumulated a significant amount of waste and deposit during the time of former owner’s use, so they cannot operate to the highest efficiency. Drain clogs are also not fun, no matter whether they are big or small. Things like tree roots and amassed slush from years of all the junk going down your drains that were not supposed to be flushed are some of the reasons why these kinds of clogs formed in the first place

If nothing works and you don’t know what to do, a plumbing treatment known as hydro jetting can save you the trouble. Also in order to clean up your drain or sewer system, hydro jetting services will come in handy.

So what is hydro jetting?

Hydro jetting is a plumbing method that uses high-powered gusts of water to blast through everything that stands in its way. This high-pressure water treatment can get to 4,000 psi but it won’t do any harm to your pipes and clear some of the most stubborn clogs. If the opening of the pipe is really narrow because of all the junk inside the pipe, hydro jetting technique can literally scrape out the insides of your pipe to return the opening to its original condition.

Some homeowners think that it is quite possible to clean the drains with any high pressure hose, however, the amount of pressure and skill required are not the same. If you don’t want to get disappointed, do not place your power washer inside a seriously clogged drain – the results won’t be the ones you expected.  The water gusts created by a hydro jetting machine are powerful enough to damage your plumbing and even cause injury, unless they are performed by a qualified technician. Hydro jetting is not the plumbing technique that you might dare attempt on your own.

The Benefits Of A Flat Roof System

How do you increase the pitch on a flat roof?

Do flat roofs have a pitch?

A flat roof is a roof which is almost level in contrast to the many types of sloped roofs. The slope of a roof is properly known as its pitch and flat roofs have up to approximately 10°. The National Roofing Contractors Association defines a low-slope roof as having a slope of 3-in-12 or less.

How do you change a flat roof to a sloped roof?

How to Replace a Flat Roof With a Sloped Roof Remove the roofing membrane of the flat roof. A flat roof is easily replaced by a one-way slope or shed roof. Cut rafters to the hypotenuse of the roof plane depth and stud wall height. Apply the polyethylene sheeting and roof underlayment, and place the rolled roofing or shingles.

Can I change a flat roof to a pitched roof?

Simply replacing your existing flat roof with a new one should be a pretty straightforward process. When converting your flat roof into a pitched roof, that’s when planning permission may come into play. A low-pitched roof should be easy enough to gain planning permission for.

Can you change the pitch of your roof?

Changing the pitch of a roof is only possible when a roof’s internal and structural materials are also replaced. When a roof’s ridges, walls and rafters are switched out, there is a chance to create a new architectural design that can change the pitch of the roof.

What is the smallest pitch for a roof?

The smallest pitch of a roof is 1/4:12, which translates to 1/4 inch rise to 12 inches of run. Such a small pitch can only work with built-up roofing or specialized synthetic roofing.

Increase the pitch by building a roof over an existing roof

When your roof needs to be replaced, often you have to have the entire roof removed before you begin to replace it. But if you have an old home with a decaying roof, especially a low-pitched roof, removing the old roof and replacing it may not be practical. In this case, you can build a new roof over the old – with a caveat. You must not build the new roof directly over the old. A new coat of shingles over decaying shingles will cause your roof deck to decay. The solution is changing the roof pitch or building a new roof at a higher pitch than the old roof.

Raise the Roof Pitch

The roof pitch is how much the roof slants. You’re going to want the pitch of your new roof to be steeper than that of the old roof. If you choose a simple trussed roof or addition with two angled planes, that will be the easiest project. And this is a project best saved for dry weather. Before you start, you should have an engineer or architect verify the structural integrity of your home. The cheapest option would be to leave the old roof in place and place the new rafters over the existing roof.

Use Premade Roof Trusses

Premade roofing trusses will be easier and take less time than installing a stick-built roof. Premade trusses will form the skeleton of your new roof above your old roof. Make sure the pitch of the trusses is the pitch that you want for your new roof. A common house roof pitch is 5 by 12, which means it slopes up from the wall at 5 inches per foot.

Things You’ll Remove

You’ll need to remove the siding where it meets the roof. Remove the top several levels to expose the wall. You’ll also need to remove the soffit. Take care if there are any electrical outlets in the soffit. Make sure to disconnect those before starting. Once the soffit is removed, the old roof trusses are exposed.

Installing the New Roof

To provide a framework for the new trusses, nail 2-by-6-inch strips of wood around the perimeter of the roof. Or, if you want to raise the roof a bit more, install fascia around the roof perimeter, attached to the new soffit, and nail the new roof deck to crown molding above the fascia. Make sure you plan all this well in advance so you’re prepared when you do the installation.

If possible, remove any plywood under the old roof, especially if it’s rotting. Also, remove any flashing and air vents by prying out or unscrewing the fasteners that hold in the fixture.

Doing the Heavy Lifting

Once your demolition is complete, you’ll need to set your trusses in place over the existing rafters. To be safe, you’ll need several people to assist you. The trusses should be placed 24 inches apart. Consider that each truss is likely 1 and a half inches wide, so take that into your calculation. To properly install each truss, you will use 2 by 4 wood strips from the ground up to hold the truss in place on each side of the roof. For safety purposes, it’s best to have two people hold the truss in place where it meets the 2 by 4 and one or two people to set the truss upright and fasten it. Use a level to get the truss vertically plumb, and fasten it to the walls through the truss bearing point with framing nails and a hammer.

Once the row of trusses is complete, set a ridge board across the top to connect them from each end. Then nail the trusses to the ridge board. Use a level to make sure the ridge board stays even. To fasten the trusses to the wall caps, use hurricane clips, which are metal brackets that hold the trusses tight to the walls. Do this on both sides.

Steps to Finish the Job

Install flashing at the roof eave and rake using drip edge flashing. Install the eave flashing first, then the rake. These should look neat at the corners. Nail these at the high points of the roof. Install metal flashing where you have air vents, holding it in place with roofing cement. You’ll need to use step flashing around a chimney and protect it with counter flashing. The counter flashing will need to be bent even with the brick design on the chimney and set into place with mortar.

How to Change Your Roof Pitch

There are many reasons for a homeowner to want to change the pitch or slope of a roof. Flat or low-slope roofs may develop leaks because of poor drainage. An existing roof may not provide enough attic space for storage. An addition may look better with a higher pitch on the old part of the house. Whatever the reason, changing the pitch on a roof requires removing at least some of the roofing and a significant alteration will involve changing the basic framing by installing new rafters or trusses. It requires good carpentry and roofing skills.

Flat or Low-Slope

  • Alter the pitch on a flat or low-slope roof with some type of rigid foam insulation; at least two different types are made in sloped panels. Remove the existing roof covering down to the underlying wood sheathing. Make sure the sheathing is solid and remove any protruding nails. Repair any broken or water-damaged sheathing.
  • Install rigid foam panels with various tapers and thicknesses; insulation panels generally vary from slopes of from 1/8 to 1/2 inch per foot, with sheets butted together to cover the length of the roof. Use a single slope from one end to another or various types of multiple slopes to drain on two or more sides. Fasten tapered panels with adhesive or mechanical fasteners, depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  • Put down any required vapor or thermal barriers, according to local building codes. Cover the tapered roof with a membrane such as ethylene propylene diene monomer rubber, thermoplastic olefin or polyvinyl chloride. Make sure metal flashing is properly installed on all roof edges and around any penetrations, such as chimneys or vent pipes.

Pitched Roof

  • Change the pitch on an existing sloped roof by removing the old roof and framing. Take off shingles or other roof covering and remove the membrane and sheathing. Use a pry bar to pull loose shingles and wood decking. Strip the roof to its rafters or trusses.
  • Remove rafters or trusses one at a time. Use a pry bar to pull nails loose, then remove them with a crow bar or hammer. Drop old framing down to the ground; get help — don’t try to remove and drop rafter or truss framing alone. Inspect the wall caps once all framing is removed and repair or replace any damaged cap boards.
  • Use prefabricated trusses to put a new pitch on the roof. Give the width and length of the roof and a chosen pitch to a truss supplier to build trusses to order. Use at least a 6/12 pitch, rising 6 inches per foot of slope, to provide attic storage; get special attic roof trusses to make a room inside the new roof.
  • Raise trusses to the roof, spaced at 24-inch intervals. Fasten them to the wall caps with 16d framing nails and a hammer through the truss ends into the wall caps. Use a level to plumb each truss. Cover truss rafters with oriented strand board, fastened with 8d galvanized nails. Put metal flashing on edges and peaks and any vents or penetrations. Staple on roofing paper and finish with shingles or other roofing.

Uses Of Drop Ceiling Panels

Tips for Spray Painting Walls and Ceilings

Spray painting walls and ceilings is a lot faster than using a brush and a roller to paint them. Using a sprayer to paint your walls also eliminates the task of having to climb up and down a ladder to cut-in corners with a brush, and a sprayer produces a smoother finish.

The two minor drawbacks of spraying paint indoors is over-spray and paint consumption. Spraying uses more paint, but the time you save using a sprayer is worth the extra paint expense if you want to get your painting project done faster. Spraying is your best option if you’re faced with a whole-house painting project that must be finished in a short time frame.

The ideal scenario, using a sprayer indoors, is to spray the rooms before a move-in when the house is empty, but with careful masking, spray painting walls in an occupied home is as easy as working in an empty one. Masking doesn’t take very long either, using the right tools.

The Best Sprayer for Spray Painting Indoors

A quality airless sprayer is all you need to spray paint the walls inside your home. Two good sprayer brands are Graco and Titan. I’ve mostly used Graco spray equipment, but Titan is good too. Both brands are usually available for rent at the paint store.

Rent an airless sprayer if you only plan to use it one time. Contractor-grade sprayers by Graco, or Titan, aren’t cheap to buy, but major home improvement stores usually sell less expensive models by both brands, meant for the DIY homeowner. These are fine for occasional use.

Painting New Plaster – Everything You Need to Know

Painting new plaster is often a key step to transforming the walls and ceilings in your home. Creating smooth, freshly painted walls and ceilings is an easy and cost-effective way of giving your home a makeover. However, there is a lot of conflicting advice online on what the best methods and practices for painting new plaster are.

There are so many things that you need to consider before painting new plaster. Should you seal your fresh plaster with PVA? What type of paint should you use on new plaster? Should you treat skimmed plaster differently to a surface that has been fully plastered? In this article, we will answer all of those questions and more. We will take you through every aspect of plastering and painting so that you can confidently redecorate your home.

How Long Does It Take for the Plaster to Set?

The length of time it takes for the plaster to set will entirely depend on the type of plaster that you use. Below, we have a list of common types of plaster, what you can use them for, and how long you will have to wait for it to set. Once the plaster has set, you should still make sure that you wait for it to totally dry before attempting to paint it.

How Long Should You Wait Before Painting New Plaster?

One of the most common questions that arise about plastering and painting is how long you have to wait before painting new plaster. Above all, recently plastered walls should be left to dry thoroughly before any painting begins. The time you should wait before painting new plaster depends on several factors. Firstly, have you used plasterboard, or backing plaster? Plasterboard takes on average 2-3 days to dry when plastered, whereas backing plaster takes 4-6 days.

But… Isn’t a Week a Long Time to Wait?

A week may seem like a long time to wait, and it’s understandable that you may get frustrated with the delay. But, if you want to achieve the perfect finish, the wait time will be worth it. The time fresh plaster takes to completely dry will differ in every case. Factors such as the time of year, central heating, and how many layers of plaster there are will affect the time that it takes.

Garage Organization & Renovation Tips

Garages are the unsung heroes of our homes, quietly holding our cars, workbenches, and camping equipment, but they don’t have to look forgotten. In fact, a garage can look quite nice when properly painted. Painting a garage requires a few more steps than painting a regular wall in your home, so we’ve compiled our tips for the best way to make your garage wall paint look amazing.

Clean Garage Walls Before Painting

Before you begin the painting process, you will need to clean off your garage walls. Because they are often left unfinished, garage walls, and ceilings, tend to be much dirtier than walls in your home. They accumulate dust and dirt, and often have water damage or oil stains.

Whether your garage walls are painted or not, you will need to clean them using a broom or shop vac. Once you’ve removed the majority of the dust, wash the walls with a mild mixture of water and dawn dish soap. The water doesn’t need to be too soapy, you’re mainly focused on making sure the surface is clean of debris and dirt. Don’t use any harsh chemicals or a pressure sprayer to wash walls because it will damage them.

After cleaning your walls you will need to determine how you are going to prime them. If the surface if unpainted drywall then you will need to prime them before painting. If the walls are already painted you will need to determine whether they were painted with a latex paint or an oil-base paint. The easiest way to determine this is to wash a section of the wall with a mild detergent. Dip a q-tip in alcohol and rub it back and forth. If the paint comes off you’re working with latex, if it doesn’t it’s oil based.

Prime Unfinished Drywall

Unfinished drywall requires a good surface primer to look its best when painted. You will want to use a drywall primer with PVA (polyvinyl acetate). Because drywall is porous the PVA will help seal the surface and lend durability to the paint you layer on top. If you simply apply garage wall paint to the walls without priming them, most of the garage wall paint will soak into the wall and you will end up with an uneven, bumpy finish. Make your hard work worth it by starting with a primer.

What Is The Difference Between Wall And Ceiling Paint

Thinking of changing the mood in your home with a fresh coat of paint? Well then you have to do some research. Did you know that the paint used on the walls is not the same as the one for the ceiling? You actually need two different kinds of paint, each with its own characteristics and special attributes.

The ceiling paint is obviously designed to be used on the ceiling. You only need a single coat to cover all the imperfections and there will be no splatters.


Ceiling paint is formulated to cover all the edges and to hide all the imperfections. It’s flat and the light doesn’t reflect on it so any small irregularities are not enhances but hidden. The paint is more viscous to eliminate drippiness. Ceiling paint has to cover well, stick well and hide well and this is usually achieved at the expense of other characteristics not needed for this portion of the room.

Wall paint is designed to be more durable so you can easily clean it with soap and water. Scrubbing and cleaning don’t damage the paint. Also, it’s available in a variety of finishes. Glossy wall paint can make a room feel more spacious.


Ceiling paint is designed to allow you to apply it with ease. Some brands make their paint in such a way that it looks pale blue or pink when applied and then turns white when it dries out. This way you can easily spot the missed areas and apply the paint evenly. The colors available for ceiling paint are, however, very limited so if you want something less common you’ll most likely have to color your paint manually.

How to paint a star ceiling… Simple tips from an experienced night sky painter.

Sleeping under the stars can certainly be awe inspiring, romantic, or an amazingly peaceful and relaxing experience… but annoying things can also get in the way too. Things like the distance you’d need to travel to get to that perfect location, timing it just right so a bright moon doesn’t rain down loads of light into an otherwise perfect night sky, then there’s rain, cold and so many kinds of insects, both flying and crawling, that can definitely put a damper on the experience.

But, fret not… there’s a way that you can enjoy a beautiful star-filled night sky, every night if you’d like, and avoid [read more=”Read more” less=”Read less”]all the hassle of dealing with the elements, travel and bugs. How? Simply, re-create that experience by transforming your bedroom ceiling into your own remote night sky, or planetarium.

Sticker Stars

This wouldn’t be my first choice, but it is easy, inexpensive, and it’s been wowing kids for years… so we know it’s a solid option. Even adults tell me how they grew up with the sticker stars on their ceiling, and loved them. So, there’s a great, inexpensive option. Just grab a bag and start sticking them up. You can’t really go wrong with these. If you have too many in one spot, then remove some. Not enough in another area… then add more. It doesn’t get much easier than that.

This option is the most expensive option, but you’ll usually get the most realistic recreation of the night sky, depending on if you do your due-diligence in finding the right painter. With this option, hopefully your painter has already painted a few hundred murals and they will come in and paint a beautiful mural for you in anywhere from a few hours to a full day (a lot depends on their experience, their techniques and the ceiling size).

With a pro painting your mural, there’ll be no need for Ibuprofen for your neck and upper body pain, and it’ll be done fairly quickly. The downside of a “pro” painting your mural is that you could get someone that isn’t much more experienced than you are. It is the more expensive of all the options (prices range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars per ceiling), and you’ll have to wait until they can fit you into their schedule. Plus, you don’t get the satisfaction of saying that “you” did it.

Domestic Epoxy Flooring

Can an Epoxy Floor Finish Be Recoated?

Epoxy floor paint creates a durable, impermeable surface that’s harder than the concrete or wood substrate, but it doesn’t last forever. You can recoat an epoxy finish that has lost its sheen or otherwise been damaged, but you have to properly prepare it or the new epoxy won’t adhere. This preparation must include careful cleaning with a grease-cutting detergent to remove the thin, oily layer that has probably built up, but may be invisible. That isn’t all, though. You also need to etch the surface to make it rough enough to bond with the new finish.

  • Repair chips and holes in the floor. If you use fresh mortar, allow the repairs to cure for at least 60 days prior to recoating with epoxy. You can also make the repairs with epoxy patching compound, which cures in a matter of days rather than months.
  • Mix a solution of grease-cutting detergent and warm water to clean the floor. All-purpose household cleaner usually works for floors inside the house, but if you’re recoating a concrete garage floor, choose an industrial-grade product that can remove heavy-duty grease and oil deposits. Mop the floor with the detergent solution, and use a scrub brush to remove grease deposits.
  • Rent a floor buffer, screening attachment and 80-grit sanding screen. Sand the floor with the buffer to etch the finish. Use a pad sander with 80-grit sandpaper to etch in corners and other places that the buffer can’t reach.
  • Vacuum the floor and wipe it down with a damp rag to remove all traces of old finish leftover from sanding.
  • Mix the epoxy paint and hardener according to the instructions that come with the paint. Prepare only enough to cover the floor, because any leftover paint will be unusable.
  • Paint the edges of the floor with a paintbrush, and then use a paint roller and 3/8-inch nap roller skin to paint the main area. If you’re adding color flakes, roll the floor in sections and spread the flakes on each section as you finish it.
  • Let the paint cure for 12 to 24 hours, depending on the product you’re using. Mix enough clear epoxy finish with hardener to cover the floor and spread it in the same way that you spread the color coat.
  • Allow the clear coat to cure for the recommended time, which is usually from 12 to 24 hours. If you’re coating the garage floor, wait 72 hours before driving your car on it.

Chips and Cracking: How to Repair Your Epoxy Floors

Your epoxy floor is one of your favorite surfaces in your home. It is strong, is easy to clean and maintain, and everyone always comments on how great it looks. This is why it’s essential for you to know how to handle any chipping or cracking that may occur. Take these steps for epoxy floor repair to ensure that your floor keeps looking as good as the day you first had it installed.

If the chipping or cracking is minor, you can get away with simply applying a compound to the floor to fill in the gaps. Using a fresh mortar, trowel in the material until it fills the crack or chip and overflows out of the top. Then use the trowel to smooth the surface and remove any excess mortar. This will patch your floor and keep any damage from getting worse over time. Let these repairs cure for no less than 60 days before applying a new coat of epoxy.

In many cases, your cracked epoxy floors may be better off being resurfaced instead of just patched. This is ideal if the damage is extensive and seen across much of the entire surface. To prepare the area for epoxy floor repair, thoroughly sweep the area and use a grease-cutting detergent to remove any oil that may be on the surface. After this, you can use patch any chips and holes in the floor with a faster acting epoxy patching compound. This cures in a few days, so you can apply a new coat of epoxy sooner.

Once your Epoxy patch has cured properly according to instructions, clean the floor again to remove any dirt and oil, then buff the floor with an 80-grit sanding screen. Vacuum and wipe the floor to remove any dust and apply the epoxy paint. This must cure for 12 to 24 hours, then you can apply a clear epoxy finish.

So, Why Do DIY Garage Floor Epoxy Paint Kits Get A Bad Rap?

If you’ve ever walked down the paint aisle at your local home improvement store you’ve probably seen the DIY Garage Floor Epoxy Painting Kits for $50-100. If you ask anyone that’s used these products you’re sure to get alot of different answers. That’s because many people don’t have a good long term experience with these low cost / cheap products. They often complain of the epoxy paint bubbling or peeling up fairly quickly. There are even a couple of stellar reviews that make you think; just maybe these products don’t deserve the bad rap they get.

These kits are of course cheap, and appeal to the DIY weekend warriors that are looking for a relatively quick and easy project. I’m a car guy myself and I love tackling small car and home improvement projects on the weekend. The allure of these kits is perhaps the extremely low cost and the extremely high expectations most people have due to the pictures and advertising of these products. Where these products typically fall short is comparing them to high solids, high performance coatings, and the lack of training and communication needed to install a garage floor coating correctly. And of course, the big, big difference, that spells disaster in many of these cases is the floor preparation method used.

Why Choose Garage Epoxy Floor Coating?

Outdoor or indoor garage epoxy floor coating is requested upon a certain need. The advantages of the garage epoxy flooring are considerably higher than expected. For this reason, garage epoxy flooring has become the preferred and highly demanded place. The epoxy floor system we use in the garage provides visual and dust-free use for a long time.epoxy is an industrial chemical type, it is not easily scratched and aging, so it can be used with peace of mind for many years.In addition, it increases the satisfaction level of the users with the advantage of not being easy to clean, water repellent and slippery floor. In garage floor sealing ramps, epoxy floor surface that prevents slipping due to rubber grip makes the garage reliable. The physical and chemical resistance of the parking spaces made with epoxy application polyurethane resins is at the highest level.As we mentioned at the beginning of our garage epoxy flooring product, this flooring is divided into two. these are outdoor and indoor epoxy floor covering.

The open garage is made of self-leveling epoxy garage floor due to UV resistance. The polyurethane resin garage floor paint used in open car parks will not fade due to their UV resistance. It is resistant to all kinds of natural conditions.In addition, polyurethane and epoxy resins prevent icing at freezing temperatures, especially in open areas.Since flat glassy polyurethane based resins are more flexible than epoxy resins, they tolerate dynamic static movements on vibrating floors, so polyurethane coatings should be preferred for moving floors.

for indoor parking lots. The garage floor coating epoxy or polyurethane based resins expire due to the main problem of the underground parking garage dust complaints.The main complaints in the underground garage are dusting and cracking on the garage floor. epoxy floor applications will completely save you from these complaints. Another advantage of epoxy floor applications is that they are more modern in appearance.and remember that this look will remain intact for many years

Types of epoxy flooring

There are many different types of epoxy floor coatings, and each has a different application and purpose. It is important to know what is right for your needs before you decide which kind of flooring to install in your business. You can always contact our RI epoxy floor installers to learn more about which option is right for you, but this handy guide should help you with your decision.

Solid color epoxy

Standard and economical coatings for floors. Withstands heavy traffic, continual washing, chemical attack. Good for warehouse, manufacturing, institutional areas where a very durable and low maintenance floor is needed. This is a standard economical coating for most concrete floors. It can withstand heavy traffic, continual washing, and chemical spills. They are perfect for spaces such as warehouses, factories, and institutional spaces where a very durable and low-maintenance floor is needed.

Decorative epoxy

Beautiful multicolored floors with multicolored sand or flakes. Used in garages, locker rooms, institutional showers and rest room areas etc. These floors are easier to maintain and keep clean. This is a beautiful floor that is made with multicolored sand or flakes to give your floor a more colorful appearance. It is often used in garages, locker rooms, institutional showers and restrooms, but its aesthetic appeal also lends itself well to living rooms, large basements, or commercial office floors. As with solid color epoxy floors, decorative epoxy is easy to maintain and keep clean

Chemical resistant epoxy

For commercial kitchens, food or chemical process areas, animal care etc. As its name implies, this type of epoxy flooring is intended to resist chemical spills. It is often used in commercial kitchens, food and chemical processing areas, spaces used for animal care, and any other space that might be prone to chemical spills and stains.

Clean room floor

Meets a high standard of cleanliness. Smooth, dust free, and easily cleanable. These floors are used in spaces that need to adhere to a higher level of cleanliness. They are smooth, dust-resistant, and very easy to clean.

New Home Builder Institute Fresh Standards

Build Your Own House—With Control

Congratulations on your (soon-to-be) home! While building a new house is an exciting—and possibly mind-boggling—experience for you, it is important to stay involved in every step of the process. Generally speaking, building your new house should not be a passive exercise. A myriad of decisions must be made, and they should be made by you. When you are unable or unwilling to make decisions, you force the builder to make them, and the result may waver from what you were hoping for.

Understand Your Contract

No matter what type of contract you sign, you become a party in a legal document involving a massive amount of money for the construction of your new house. Therefore, it is essential that you know your rights—and exercise them.

Watch Building Costs

The average house contains approximately 1,500 to 2,000 square feet. Do you need more space than that? Why? How much more? You pay for each and every square foot of space in your house, whether it’s occupied, usable, or otherwise.

Comply With Building Codes

No, you should not expect to control the number of nails used in your home. However, you should expect a substantially built house that is free of defects and in accord with all applicable codes and regulations. Require proof of such compliance at the closing of your mortgage. Many jurisdictions issue Certificates of Occupancy, which would indicate accord with the minimum code and safety standards.

Be Flexible

Be ready and prepared to compromise in order to resolve situations and problems. Be aware, however, of what you may be giving up in this process; examine and understand both sides. Is the situation worth what you are losing?

How to Become a Builder

If you’re interested in working in the construction industry as a builder, you’ve come to the right place. This article includes all kinds of information about how to become a builder, including required skills and training and a Q and A with a veteran of the industry. Keep reading to find out all about how to become a Builder.

What Does a Builder Do?

Builders manage, coordinate and work on the construction, maintenance or repair of residential and commercial buildings. Sometimes Builders supervise a project by arranging subcontractors to complete specific jobs and sometimes they do the work themselves. Builders also ensure that the construction project meets industry and government regulations as well as their clients’ requirements.

The work Builders do is generally conducted outdoors mostly in industrial conditions as part of a construction team.  It may be necessary at times to operate machinery. The hazardous nature of construction work requires Builders to comply with strict safety regulations and to wear protective equipment thus ensuring that the site is safe for all personnel. The daily activity of a Builder will depend on the level of experience and their specialization

The more experience you have the more responsibility you will be given until you work your way up to that of a supervisor. As a supervisor you will delegate work, organize projects and hire specialist contractors.

Builder Skills

A Builder is expected to carry huge responsibilities and manage a team of people.  There is a lot of flexibility in this career choice and you are sure to find something that you enjoy doing. Full-time Builders usually work Monday to Friday, and Saturday mornings. Self-employed or sub-contractor Builders may work longer hours in order to meet with clients or handle administrative tasks. Seeing that much of the work is done outdoors poor weather conditions may reduce work activity at times. Builders generally need to be in good health.  A certain level of fitness and strength is required as you will most likely be expected to carry heavy objects on a regular basis.

Things Real Estate Agents Should Know About New Construction Projects

Any experienced real estate agents will say selling a new construction project is way different from selling an existing one. It can be exciting for both the buyer and the real estate agent when they close the deal for a new home. After all, the buyer will be the first to live in it or use it for their intended purpose. However, selling new construction is challenging and requires patience and perseverance from the real estate agent.

Selling new construction is an entirely different process.

The process for selling new construction is distinct from a resale transaction. There are extra steps that are unique to this type of sale. One of the first things real estate agents should take note of is the builder contract. They have the responsibility to outline the buyer’s rights outlined in the contract, including the deadline for the buyer’s ability to terminate without forfeiture of deposit money.

Buyers need a real estate agent for a reason.

For buyers, purchasing new construction can be intimidating. Often, they will deal with the builder’s own sales agent. The buyers, in turn, need their own agent who will look after their best interests. Without one, they will be exposing themselves to a lot of risks with what is usually their most significant investment.

The builder’s contract requires close analysis.

As agents get more experience in new construction projects, they may notice that the process is easier than resale transactions. There won’t be a lot of negotiations over earnest money, deadlines, and post-inspection repairs. The key here is to analyze the wording of the builder’s contract.

Financing can be tricky for new construction projects.

Financing can be tricky for new construction deals compared to resale transactions. Dealing with an unfinished home that can take months before it’s ready poses a significant risk. If a buyer barely qualifies to purchase a home at the time of the contract

Builder Upgrades: Where to Splurge and Where to Wait.

I received a text from a friend earlier this week stating that she was headed to her builders’ design center and she wanted to know what she should upgrade on now and what she should wait on until later. This is a very important question, one you should never set foot in a design center until you have an answer to. Their job is to sell you on as many upgrades as possible and when you walk through their model homes, which feature all the upgrades, of course you want to upgrade everything, who wouldn’t? However, builders are not known for giving you the best deal on your upgrades, so they should be approached with caution

Of course, some things would be a pain to upgrade later or may be more cost effective to upgrade with the builder, so you need to have a clear game plan in place before you set foot in the design center! You want to prioritize correctly to spend your money on the things that add the most value to your home, both for your comfort and for future resale value

One other note, most builders will wrap the price of upgrades into your mortgage allowing you to pay for them over time. Whereas paying for upgrades after the fact will come out of your pocket. Obviously paying cash is wise, but if you know you want hardwood floors immediately but you will not have enough cash to pay for them anytime soon, you may want to consider upgrading them through your builder.

Your kitchen cabinetry! Go ahead and choose upgraded cabinetry now! What should you choose?  Taller cabinets that fill the space or go all the way to the ceiling. This will give your kitchen a more custom look. Choose a door style that is simple, no need to splurge here, however, do splurge for full overlay doors so you won’t see the gap between the doors and won’t have a center stile.  Also, soft close features are well worth the upgrade! I also like adding built-in trash cans and as much storage as possible, including cabinetry over the refrigerator!

All these upgrades will help your resale value and would be a total waste of money to replace later. However, if you want your cabinetry painted, you can wait on that. Just choose their basic color and either DIY it or hire someone to paint them your desired color after the fact.


Just over three years ago moved into our brand new home (and I shared the pros and cons of building new vs. buying existing). Today I want to share some of the things now know about building a new home that wish known four years ago when started considering a build

Don’t confuse the base price with the actual price of the home. Realize you will be quoted a cost for the home itself, but that you will need to plan on plenty of upgrade costs as well. The upgrade cost will depend on the choices you make about the design of your home, but the cost to get roughly the same upgrades varies widely from builder to builder. A sales agent such with in with the amazing “base price” of the home, and then you to choose a lot and put down a deposit before you have any idea how much the upgrades will add to the price of the home.

Don’t assume that anything you see in a builder’s model home comes standard. We visited a builder in our area that advertises low home prices, and were shocked to find out how much of what we saw in the model was an upgrade. I knew that the granite countertops would be an upgrade, but the entire kitchen layout was an upgrade costing $10,000, and the master bathroom layout was another upgrade costing nearly as much. Window sills were an upgrade. A garage door opener was an upgrade. Central air was an upgrade

Don’t take the sales agent’s word for it on upgrade prices without verification. We dealt with three different agents at three different builders. All of them could tell us up front what the base price of the home we were interested in was, but they varied widely in how much they could tell us about upgrade costs and how accurate what they told us was. One agent gave us an estimate of “what most people pay” in upgrades that ended up being only about half of what the upgrades we wanted would have cost. Another agent promised costs that turned out to be nowhere near true.

Don’t forget to ask for incentives. Your sales agent may be able to offer “incentives” that will reduce the total cost of the home. Ask about current promotions on the base price of the home, possible design center credit toward upgrades, and the preferred lender incentive. (And ask more than once. All they can do is say no, right? And you might be surprised when they say yes.)

Options When Office Movers Equipment

What I Wish I Knew Before My Company Moved Offices

Moving offices—just like moving your home—is a big decision, replete with pitfalls and headaches that can sap the resources of even the most prepared company.

To facilitate this move, and ensure a smooth transition, the team here designated a move committee: a team of experts, picked for their specific knowledge around problems knew would arise with the big move.

Start with “Why?”

The most important consideration our experts shared was the importance of “Why?” “Why are we moving offices?” “Make sure everyone knows the ‘why’ of the move,” says. “People respect transparency. You need to outline whether it’s going to be better or worse for them.”

Let’s face it, companies move for lots of reasons—sometimes good and sometimes not-so-good. Those not-so-good reasons (downsizing, reducing real estate costs) can be tough to navigate, but Slater stresses that transparency is key. “Ultimately, you’re relocating because you want the experience to be better for everyone at the other end. Even if you have to move for a negative reason, it’s important to transparently communicate why the move is needed. Cutting costs can be hard, but ultimately it’s for the best.”

Of course, plenty of moves come with lots of good news too—growing teams, expanding revenue, and new opportunities. Even when things are looking bright and sunny for your company, don’t take the ‘why’ for granted. You’re still asking people to change their routines, which in many ways is more challenging in good times than bad.


almost there, so new digital student card should be in use in no time! We just need to figure out the last IT-issues with that and then we are good to go. This is probably one of the biggest change this year, and it is visible especially for everyone with a student card. And don’t worry – we will inform about the new digital student card as soon as we know when it will be launched!

In many ways, it will make our everyday life much more easier for us, since for example many of the working groups that we are attending have their meetings in campus. It is also nice to be closer to the students, and we are sure that it will bring us something new.

want to make sure that students are considered as an important part in every decision. Cooperation between the universities and joint campus will provide many possibilities. We are also trying to make sure that everything goes as smoothly as possible.

wish for your feedback even in the smallest of issues, both via e-mail and anonymously in our feedback section in the website. We are doing everything for our student members – it’s easier to make an impact on your behalf if we know what your concerns and wishes are.



The process of coding floor plans is the first step in developing a logical move plan. The strategy is to prepare the move to flow in a logical and fluid manner. Every item to be moved must be identified and labeled so that it may be placed by the mover in its exact destination location. A tag also instructs a mover how to handle that item, for example: Contents (directive to the unpacker)

Location (where the item goes)

Sequence (one color may proceed another)

Liquidation (directive to mover)

Do not move (directive to the mover)

Storage (directive to the mover)

Contents (directive to the unpacker)

Placement of furniture and equipment at your new facility will be identified by number, not by name. When coding the floor plan each person and each area being moved must be identified with a single room or area number. To identify placement location, placards with the proper room numbers must be affixed to the entrance of each individual area and or room at your new facility

Everything must be tagged! For example; when a desk has a removable return, both pieces arc tagged. Each piece of computer equipment is tagged (i.e.: monitor, CPU, keyboard and cable bundle). Everything must be tagged no matter how seemingly inconsequential (i.e.: floor mats, white boards, trash cans, etc.). Items without a tag will not be moved this great level of detail means less supervision will be required at your new facility (remember; the mover’s time is your money).


Hard disk drives should be backed up prior to the move. Service, warranty or leasing agents must be notified that you intend to move the equipment. Do not pack these machines. Leave the machines on top of their desk or stand. All machines must be unfastened and disconnected. Pads and covers for machines should be placed in a carton.


Mover Services will supply cartons and/or crates which are uniform in size (making them easier to handle, thus speeding the move and saving money). Our cartons fold together and do not require tape for assembly or sealing. They are extremely strong and will hold up to 50 pounds. Cartons are stacked when moved; therefore, please don’t over pack them.

Things to Know When Hiring Office Movers

There are tons of movers and packers in every city. That is why it is good to know what you are looking for and what to expect when hiring movers for an office relocation job. The process can be smooth and easy or a complete nightmare. We would like to share the steps that will guide you through the hiring professional movers process with ease.

Start with recommendations from your partners or friends who may know of a few local office movers. This way, you can get an opinion from someone that has actually dealt with a specific moving company before.

Carry on and do some research on moving companies in your area. This is your time to screen out companies that you feel will not be the best for you. Bing or Google can help you find options in seconds. By the end of your initial screening, you should be left with three to five companies that you can narrow down to the right one for you. Check whether all selected companies have membership at The American Moving and Storage Association (AMSA). AMSA makes sure that all their members follow state and government regulations.

The next step to do is to call the remaining companies on your list and schedule an in-office estimate. Having a binding written estimate guarantees you that the company will not charge over an estimated price.

When the estimator arrives at your office, tell him/her in every detail the service you expect from the moving company. When you are done collecting estimates, review them in detail and choose the best one.

Then it is time to firmly decide on the best estimate and call the company to schedule the move.

Finally, get a written inventory list from the movers so that there is nothing missed, left behind or forgotten about.

If you follow these steps, you will assure yourself that you are hiring the right movers.


Running a business is full of challenges and stress. Trying to move a business to another location is a whole different story. Oftentimes, businesses and offices come to a point where they need to relocate. Whether it is to gain more room for a growing employee base, to lower operating costs, for better market access, or just to get a change of scenery, there are plenty of reasons why business need to relocate. Whether a business is moving across town or across the country, moving into a multi-office building or a one-level storefront, the moving process can often be difficult and overwhelming.


Moving Service have the experience needed to successfully help small and large businesses relocate to their new workspace. To help businesses make their next relocation successful and efficient, put together some tips that help make office moving easier for not only the business but for the employees, too. Check them out!

Plan the office relocation in advance

It isn’t wise to wait until the last minute to plan a residential move; the same goes for business moving, too. Planning in advance is essential as it can take months to plan and coordinate all the necessary details. Smaller businesses should allow at least three months of planning before the moving date, and larger businesses may need six months to iron out all the logistics and details. Allowing this much time beforehand will enable business owners to handle all the details that come up with ease as their moving day approaches.

Update employees

A business is nothing without its employees, so it is important that once the decision to relocate is made the employees are informed soon after. Depending on the moving timeline, businesses should ensure that they allow a sufficient amount of time for workers to adjust for the relocation needs ahead. Consistent communication and updates will ensure that employees are better prepared and comfortable with the upcoming transition.

Hire a professional moving service

Moving a business requires a lot of details and logistics, and hiring a professional mover is a vital step in the process. Hiring a professional early will not only guarantee you have moving services reserved, but it will also allow the moving company to offer their expertise during the planning process. We recommend hiring a full-service moving company one to three months ahead of the moving date. However, it is essential to ensure the company has experience with commercial relocation and office moving

Why Choose A Wedding Party Bus For Your Celebrations

What is better a party bus or limo?

When it comes to celebrating special occasions, it’s fun to arrive in style. Traditionally, limousines were everyone’s go-to when it came to choosing transportation for a wedding, prom, stag party, or bachelor/bachelorette parties. However, a plethora of options are now available to ensure that your ride more uniquely fits who you are as an individual, while also meeting the functional needs of your party. Enter the rise of the party bus.

Limos remain the gold standard for establishing a classy feel that can be essential to more formal occasions. However, party buses have their place, especially for occasions where you want a more “living it up in Vegas” vibe or logistically you need more seating.

Though society tends to categorize each form of transportation into a tiny, rigid box, there are people out there breaking the boundaries. For example, a pink limo certainly says, “What happens in Vegas, stays in Vegas,” while a party bus can be used for children’s birthday events and even as the best way to move a large, classy wedding party from venue to venue.

Limos: Classy is Never Out of Style

Close your eyes and picture a limo—most people will visualize the same standard details. Limos are the quintessential luxury vehicle with deep seats, roomy interiors, privacy, and often fancy booze available to drink.

It’s easy to picture rappers, Hollywood movie stars, and glad-handing politicians stepping out of one of these delegated symbols of money and power. In our cultural heritage, they will always be connected to the rich and famous. Even the first stretch limousines created by Armbruster Coaches in 1928 were used mostly to transport famous musical band leaders, such as Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman.

Trying to decide between limo or party bus for your next occasion? A look at this type of transportation’s strengths and weaknesses can be helpful in picking the perfect option:

Limo Transportation Pros

  • Limos are iconic to a luxurious lifestyle, allowing riders to bask in grandeur while making an impression.
  • Limos provide a great amount of privacy with tinted windows.
  • Limos are cheaper than a party bus for a small group to hire.
  • Limos are small enough to be cozy and intimate for small celebrations.

Limo Transportation Cons

  • There’s a limited capacity of about ten passengers in a mid-sized limo.
  • Limos can be perceived as overly formal, which may dampen party spirits.
  • The formal nature of these vehicles can clash with the more relaxed atmosphere of certain events and weddings.

Party Bus: Put Your Hands In The Air

The biggest advantage of the party bus is just that; you get to party! This vehicle is also stylish and elegant, but with plenty of space to move around, dance and socialize with your companions.

The party bus is a suitable vehicle choice for larger parties of 14 – 30 passengers. While the hourly rate is higher than that of hiring a limousine, this rental may actually be the more affordable option because riders often split the cost, which means relatively little out-of-pocket expense for everyone.

The party bus rental provides ample room for large garments, (such as wedding attire,) and storage space for personal belongings. The available amenities and on-board technologies further enhance your party-on-the-road, for an overall exhilarating travel experience.

Benefits at-a-glance:

  • Ample space and storage
  • Choice of amenities & state-of-the-art technology
  • Safe, secure travel for larger groups
  • Easy to afford when riders split the cost of the fare

The downside of renting a party bus is…. well, there really is no downside — except that it may be more vehicle than you need if you’re traveling with a smaller group of passengers. If you don’t need as much space, the limousine is likely a better option for your needs.

Advantages of Party Buses:

  • More spacious: more space for people, dancing, and other activities on a party bus.
  • Can be cheaper for big groups: for a large group to rent and split up a party bus, it can be quite affordable for everyone!
  • Fun amenities: Party buses offer more amenities that can include things like TVs, light shows, laser lights, fog machines, and well-stocked bars.

Disadvantages of Party Buses:

  • Can be too big if your group is smaller which ends up being pricier for everyone
  • Can clash with the luxurious image of a nicer event if you show up in a party bus

Consider the Number in Your Party

This is the most important thing to consider when you’re trying to choose between a party bus or limo for your transportation options.

If you have a smaller number of people — or if you’re looking to create more of an intimate experience between you and your partner — then a limo is certainly your best option.

However, if you’re transporting a larger group of people — like moving a wedding party from one wedding location to another, for example? Then it might be a much better idea for you to rent a party bus.

Consider Where You’re Going

You’ll also need to think about where you plan on ending up when you’re deciding between a limo and party bus for your night out.

If you’re being picked up at the airport, for example, then you’d likely prefer the privacy of a limo to the party atmosphere of a bus. A limo is a perfect choice for transportation to classy events or places you want to make a lasting impression.

But if you are more focused on having a good time and inviting along as many people as you can along the way, we recommend going for the unforgettable and fun experience of a party bus.

Consider the Type of Experience You’d Like To Have

Above all, you need to consider what you want your night of fun to actually look like when you’re trying to decide if you should rent a party bus or a limo.

Basically, do you want the majority of your night to take place in the bus — and will driving around in it and getting up to your tricks inside of it be the event?

Plus, how long is the drive to your destination — will you need the entertainment a party bus can offer along the way?

Or, are you more concerned about arriving in style and projecting a sleek, elegant look when you get out to go to the party? If so, a limo may be best.

Advantages of Both Party Buses AND Limos:

Here as some of the top reasons why you might want to hire a party bus:

  • DUI’s: delegating the task of driving to a professional company means there is no chance you or any of your guests will be driving under the influence. You’ll be surprised by how often a DUI can ruin a great occasion.
  • Warm-up: before you get to the real party you need to warm up so that you can get into the party mood. A party bus is the perfect way to do just that. A typical party bus is equipped with music, disco lighting, drinks, and comfortable seating.
  • Guests arrive on time: ensuring that guests arrive on time can improve the quality of your party. If the destination is hard to find, such as in a rural area, then reserving a party bus to provide transportation is sure to impress your guests.

Tips To Help You Find A DUI Lawyer That’s Right For You

What do you say in court for first DUI?

You have to be sincere and apologize for driving while drunk. More importantly, explain how you won’t get a DUI in the future.

In DUI Court

Being arrested for a DUI can be overwhelming, and you’ll eventually have your day in court. However, saying the wrong things at the wrong times can make matters worse. Because your future depends on it, knowing what to say to a judge during your trial is extremely important. Whether you are fighting for your innocence or working on a plea deal, a judge will hear your testimony and use it to determine the correct sentence. While having the help of a good RI DUI lawyer can help tremendously, preparing yourself beforehand may increase your chances of getting reduced penalties.

5 Tips on What to Say to the Judge

At sentencing, the judge will ask if you have anything you’d like to say regarding your case. Staying silent is one strategy, but it will neither hurt nor help your argument. Speaking up can change the game, but only if you say the right things.

1. Apologize

All judges want to hear you be remorseful for what you did. Making excuses is intolerable and may make things worse. Never express being sorry for getting caught but instead, let the judge know that you are willing to take responsibility for your actions.

2. Give Some Background

A trustworthy RI DUI attorney will give the judge some background information on you before or during the court proceeding. However, when you’re asked to speak, gently and carefully expound on the facts. For example, if you have a drug or alcohol problem, admit it and tell the judge you’re working to get it under control.

3. Expose the Positives of the Situation

While it may seem very difficult to think of any positives regarding being arrested for a DUI, it’s possible with a little forethought and strategy. Touch base on what you learned from your experience and talk about how you’ll refrain from making the mistake again.

4. Complete Sentencing Requirements Before Being Sentenced

If you think the judge will require drug or alcohol treatment classes as a part of your DUI sentence, take it upon yourself to sign up and complete those classes on your own. Be sure to tell about your participation during court. Not only does this reflect very positively upon you, but it may also encourage the judge to lighten your legal load.

5. Promise to Act More Responsibly

By promising the court that you will never commit the crime again, you appear remorseful. If the message is delivered with sincerity (and especially if it’s your first offense), the judge may reduce your sentence as a result. However, it’s important to keep your promise. Whatever you say to the judge is recorded and if you get arrested for the same thing again, your promises may be disregarded or viewed as an empty plea.

What Happens When You Get A DUI For The First Time?

Driving under the influence is a crime, but the idea of getting arrested for DUI for the very first time may not faze many people. After all, it’s a first-time offense, and the law is quite lenient on first-time offenders, right?

While most states categorize first-time DUIs as a misdemeanor, the consequences, both short-term and long-term, remain serious. If ever you’re arrested for a DUI, you will need to fully understand not just the punishments that come with a DUI conviction, but its possible long-term impact on your life as well.

Here are the things that will happen when you’re arrested for DUI for the first time.

You will be booked

As with any other crime, you will be brought to the nearest police station or jail, where your mugshots and fingerprints will be taken. If you’re allowed to post bail, and someone pays for it, you can be released immediately.

You’ll be ordered to appear in court

A ticket or a summons will be handed to you at the time of your arrest to inform you of the date you must show up in court for your DUI hearing.

Your license will be suspended

Depending on the state, your driver’s license will be suspended immediately after the arrest if you say no to a field sobriety test or a breathalyzer or blood test, or it will come as part of your sentence once you’re convicted of DUI.

You can go to jail

Some people believe that first-time DUI convicts are only given probation. The truth is, jail terms for first-time DUI offenders are now mandatory in an increasing number of states.

As first-offense DUI is classified as a misdemeanor in all states, a conviction could mean up to six months in jail. The sentence, however, may be lengthened if there are aggravating circumstances.  Typically, however, first-time DUI offenders serve shorter jail terms and spend the rest of the time on probation or performing community service.

What Types Of Pleas May Be Available?

In regards to a plea agreement, your attorney can ask for community service in lieu of jail if jail is a typical sentence.  If you have multiple DUI convictions, then your attorney will advise you that you are looking at months in jail unless you take your case to trial and prevail.

If this is the first offense with no aggravating factors, the prosecutor will advise your attorney of the plea offer. This may be 48 hours in jail or community service, depending on the policies of that court, along with a fine of about $390 and participation in DUI classes.

Can Your Attorney Plea Bargain To Something Lower Than a DUI?

In some cases, a plea to “wet reckless” ((VC 23103.5)) or dry reckless is substituted for a DUI. There need to be circumstances that would incentivize the prosecutor such as problems of proof to agree to a reduction in the charges.

If there are favorable circumstances to you or issues that could make a conviction difficult, a non-alcohol related offense can be negotiated so that you will face no jail time and none of the consequences of a DUI conviction.

How to Look and Sound Your Best in Court

Appearance: An experienced DUI defense attorney will defend your character as a way to minimize penalties. Make sure you look the part of the upstanding citizen. Wear clean, pressed business attire free of stains with appropriate footwear. For example, a man might want to wear a suit. At the very least, slacks with a button down dress shirt and tie. A woman might wear a skirt or slacks with a nice blouse. As a general rule, you want to dress conservatively and professionally-leave the flip flops and tank tops at home. You might have a unique sense of style outside of the courtroom, but tattoos, piercings, and funky hairstyles may be viewed as obscene. Cover and/or remove them to present yourself as orderly as possible. Remember, you’re being accused of driving while under the influence of drugs or alcohol. This is serious. Put your best face forward.

Manner of speech: It may not be your normal way of speaking, but answering all questions with, “Yes/no, sir” or “ma’am” will convey the level of respect you have for the court and all individuals involved in your case. Address the judge as “Your Honor.” Thank them for their time. If you think you might have misunderstood a question or statement, don’t say, “What was that?” Instead say something like, “Your Honor, I did not understand the question. Would you please clarify?” Finally, do not raise your voice, curse, or use slang. Speak as you would at a job interview.

Body language: Sit up straight in your chair. Resist the urge to cross your arms as it is often perceived as a defensive action. It might not be appropriate to smile, however, try and maintain a neutral facial expression to avoid looking angry and hostile. Stand when speaking to the judge and have a seat when you’re finished. Maintain eye contact and avoid using exaggerated hand gestures. When in doubt, follow your attorney’s lead. Remember you are there to present yourself in the best possible light-nonverbal communication is just as important as what you say.

General demeanor: Even if you plead not guilty, treat the charges seriously and maintain respect for the law. Now is not the time to go off on a political tirade about why you think DUI checkpoints are unconstitutional. DUI is a serious offense that can cause lasting emotional and physical damage. Approach your court appearances with the understanding that most judges have seen and heard it all. You are there to calmly and rationally state your case against a serious conviction.

Attend DUI-DWI school prior to trial.

If you attend this school at the recommendation of your attorney before either your trial or your plea of guilty, you may gain several significant benefits.

First, if there has been an administrative suspension of your license, completion of this school may allow you to get your full driver’s license again.

Second, your attendance at this school may give your attorney some leverage with the prosecution in obtaining a reduced charge against you. Your attendance shows the prosecution your acceptance of a possible problem, and your willingness to accept responsibility for your actions.

Finally, if you are found guilty of the DUI-DWI offense, attendance of the DUI-DWI school typically will be part of your sentence.

If you have already successfully completed the school that is one less thing you have to do when the case is resolved in court. Successful completion of the school can sometimes be used by your attorney to negotiate a lesser sentence on your behalf.

Your attorney can submit to the prosecutor that you have taken this legal matter seriously, and have taken steps to address any “dependency” issues.

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